Sustainable PV Module Design—Review of State-of-the-Art Encapsulation Methods

A.K. Schnatmann, F. Schoden, E. Schwenzfeier-Hellkamp, Sustainability 14 (2022).

Download
OA 3.00 MB
Artikel | Veröffentlicht | Englisch
Autor*in
Schnatmann, Anna Katharina; Schoden, Fabian; Schwenzfeier-Hellkamp, Eva
Abstract
In times of climate change and increasing resource scarcity, the importance of sustainable renewable energy technologies is increasing. However, the photovoltaic (PV) industry is characterised by linear economy structures, energy-intensive production, downcycling and little sustainability. One starting point for sustainable technologies is offered by the circular economy with its circular design principles. One problematic aspect of the design of crystalline PV modules is the encapsulation. In particular, the encapsulation avoids high-value recycling or the remanufacturing of modules, which could close loops and extend the lifetime of the products. For this reason, this paper provides an overview of the current state of encapsulation methods regarding production, materials and recycling. In addition, the current state of sustainability research in the photovoltaic sector is presented using the VOSviewer tool. Furthermore, alternative encapsulation technologies are discussed and compared in terms of performance and sustainability. The current encapsulation method using ethylene vinyl acetate as the encapsulation material offers major disadvantages in terms of performance and recyclability. Alternatives are the thermoplastic material polyolefin and the alternative structure of the NICE technology. Overall, however, research should focus more on sustainability and recyclability. Alternative module structures will be a decisive factor in this context.
Erscheinungsjahr
Zeitschriftentitel
Sustainability
Band
14
Zeitschriftennummer
16
Artikelnummer
9971
eISSN
Finanzierungs-Informationen
Article Processing Charge funded by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft and the Open Access Publication Fund of LibreCat University.
FH-PUB-ID

Zitieren

Schnatmann, Anna Katharina ; Schoden, Fabian ; Schwenzfeier-Hellkamp, Eva: Sustainable PV Module Design—Review of State-of-the-Art Encapsulation Methods. In: Sustainability Bd. 14, MDPI AG (2022), Nr. 16
Schnatmann AK, Schoden F, Schwenzfeier-Hellkamp E. Sustainable PV Module Design—Review of State-of-the-Art Encapsulation Methods. Sustainability. 2022;14(16). doi:10.3390/su14169971
Schnatmann, A. K., Schoden, F., & Schwenzfeier-Hellkamp, E. (2022). Sustainable PV Module Design—Review of State-of-the-Art Encapsulation Methods. Sustainability, 14(16). https://doi.org/10.3390/su14169971
@article{Schnatmann_Schoden_Schwenzfeier-Hellkamp_2022, title={Sustainable PV Module Design—Review of State-of-the-Art Encapsulation Methods}, volume={14}, DOI={10.3390/su14169971}, number={169971}, journal={Sustainability}, publisher={MDPI AG}, author={Schnatmann, Anna Katharina and Schoden, Fabian and Schwenzfeier-Hellkamp, Eva}, year={2022} }
Schnatmann, Anna Katharina, Fabian Schoden, and Eva Schwenzfeier-Hellkamp. “Sustainable PV Module Design—Review of State-of-the-Art Encapsulation Methods.” Sustainability 14, no. 16 (2022). https://doi.org/10.3390/su14169971.
A. K. Schnatmann, F. Schoden, and E. Schwenzfeier-Hellkamp, “Sustainable PV Module Design—Review of State-of-the-Art Encapsulation Methods,” Sustainability, vol. 14, no. 16, 2022.
Schnatmann, Anna Katharina, et al. “Sustainable PV Module Design—Review of State-of-the-Art Encapsulation Methods.” Sustainability, vol. 14, no. 16, 9971, MDPI AG, 2022, doi:10.3390/su14169971.
Alle Dateien verfügbar unter der/den folgenden Lizenz(en):
Creative Commons Namensnennung 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0):
Volltext(e)
Access Level
OA Open Access
Zuletzt Hochgeladen
2022-08-30T06:45:31Z


Link(s) zu Volltext(en)
Access Level
Restricted Closed Access

Export

Markierte Publikationen

Open Data LibreCat

Suchen in

Google Scholar